Course Syllabus

Course Information
Course Expectations

Course Information

Course Description

The aim of this course is to study one of the world's invaluable sources of spirituality and education: the African Indigenous cultural tradition. We shall explore the meanings that Indigenous people give to knowledge (education for a living) and wisdom (education for life). We shall have the opportunity to see the world through their lens: a holistic worldview that sees all of life and ALL that is as Inter-connected and Inter-dependent.

Through a documented case study of one of the ethnic groups of Tanzania, East Africa, the course will gradually walk students through several fundamental cultural vessels seen by these people as transmitters of knowledge and wisdom, namely: story-telling, proverbs, riddles, music, dance, rituals, role playing and art. The awesome reflections of Sobonfu Some (of Burkina Faso, W. Africa) will season this case study in a way that gives you a taste of Indigenous Spirituality and Education from two corners of Africa: West Africa and East Africa. Students are invited to see this as a journey through Africa in which they are called forth to fully engage themselves with the people and with the cultures that they meet.

As students take this online course they will deepen their experience of life as holistic and inter-connected. In fact, all indigenous cultures have always understood life and all that is as such, so this will be a unique opportunity for each student in the online class to remember and reclaim this life enhancing and cosmic sustaining dimension of life.

Throughout the course the instructor and students will dig into this indigenous well of knowledge and wisdom so that, armed with new findings and insights, they may deepen their experience of life as harmonious and holistic. In the final analysis, the course will sharpen their abilities to: analyze new findings and insights from a global perspective; appreciate the power of stories, proverbs, riddles, music, dance, art and rituals in the transmission of culture and values; and assist them to translate these timely and timeless emerging values into their own spiritual development and that of others.

Course Learning Goals

After completing this course, students will be able to: (the competence designators are suggested for the student, who is free to use other competences or change them):

Course Competencies

In this course, you will develop the following competencies:


Competence Statement and Criteria


Can analyze issues from a global perspective


Can explain folk arts in the transmission of culture and values


Can explore a model of spiritual development and apply it to self or others.


Can study and apply insights and findings from African Spirituality to a given business or work situation in accordance with one's Focus area.

How the Competences will be Demonstrated in this Course

All of students will explore the African Indigenous paradigm of community and inter-connectedness and on this basis go on to study and analyze the issue of the world as one community. They will also have the opportunity to study in some detail how culture and values are transmitted in Indigenous Africa, and then be invited to use the emerging findings and insights in imagining more effective ways of transmitting culture and values in contemporary times. In their short papers, discussions, debate, and role playing, they will be able to apply the findings and insights of this course to formation situations that are familiar to them, such as: family, their local community, their local school, or college classroom.

In this course, the demonstration of Competence will be done in assignments 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5. In these assignments, the student will be asked to select one main theme from the Module under consideration (or two themes if they have two competences). Then for each demonstration of competence, the students first states the appropriate Competence Statement, then moves on to relate the selected theme to the competence. For instance, a student with an H5 competence may select “community” as a theme in assignment 1.5 of Module One, and then move on to show how the theme of community is a universal human experience, using all textbooks and personal experience. If the same student has an A-3-B Competence, she or he will select another theme from the same Module and proceed to demonstrate this competence in the context of the selected theme and Module being studied. A student may choose to use the same theme in both Competences. Please note: each competence essay should have at least 300 words, but can definitely have more than that number. This applies to the A-1-H competence as well. All discussions and assignment will provide some insights and findings that will be useful in the writing of the final integrating paper.

H5: Can analyze issues and problems from a global perspective.
Facets of this competence:
  1. Analyzes one or more global issues, problems, or opportunities facing the human race.
  2. Explains how these issues affect individuals or societies in both positive and negative ways.
A1H: Can explain the function of folk arts in the transmission of culture and values.
Facets of this competence:
  1. Explains the characteristics of folk arts.
  2. Describes dynamics or mechanisms of how culture and values are transmitted.
  3. Describes the role folk art may play in the transmission of culture and values.
  4. Applies (3) to one or more specific examples.

Here is a special guideline for the A-1-H Competence:
A student who has chosen this competence will do the following: in assignments 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5, this student will go to a library, or to a museum or a house of art, may also go to the internet, and there find two Indigenous African artifacts: paintings, carvings, photos and so on and then work with each artifact this way: First, identify the African country from which this artifact comes from, name of artist or name of the ethnic group concerned, approximate date of making; then secondly give a comprehensive elucidation of the spiritual or moral meaning/message emerging out of this artifact. Each Indigenous African artifact or work of art is done (through a profound engagement of the artist’s mind, heart and hand) to convey a certain moral and spiritual meaning. For example an artifact with the figure of Mother, Father and Child shows the importance of family, the importance of parental responsibility and the importance of marriage as the origin and foundation of family. A student who selects this artifact in Module One will then connect this meaning to the theme of community which appears in all the textbooks being studied, and move on to make references to the textbooks and to personal experience.  The meaning of each artifact therefore, should be connected to a specific theme in the Module under study, to the textbooks and to personal experience. The main aim of this assignment is to show how values and culture are transmitted through art, and to reflect on how the same is happening in our time. The photos, images or pictures of these two artifacts in each of the assignments 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 must be uploaded into D2L so that the instructor can see them. Finally, the student should indicate at the end of each A-1-H competence essay the source of each artifact, like a library, a museum (which one, where), a website and so on.

A3B: Can explore a model of spiritual development and apply it to oneself or others.
Facets of this competence:
  1. Discusses the assumptions and implications of a model(s) of spiritual development.
  2. Discusses the model in relation to one's or others' experience.
FX: Can study and apply insights and findings from African Spirituality to a given business or work situation in accordance with one's Focus area.

In the first week of the course, a student registered for the FX Competence should design a tentative FX Competence Statement and have it approved first, by her/his faculty mentor and finally by this instructor.

A student with this competence will also begin the demonstration of competence by first selecting a theme from the Module under study, state that theme and then state the Competence Statement at the beginning of the paper.

A student who takes this FX competence will be assessed according to his or her ability to apply learned insights and findings to her or his focus area. Again, make references to all three textbooks and to personal experience in order to show how those learned insights and findings apply to one’s focus area.

Course Resources

To buy your books, go to

Required Reading:

Textbooks: A student must have the first and second textbook, and then select one more textbook from numbers 3, 4, and 5.  Each student will therefore have three required textbooks.

1. Mosha, R. Sambuli. (2000).The Heartbeat of Indigenous Africa. A Study of the Chagga Educational System. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.

Your instructor is the author of this book, a case study of how Indigenous children were raised among his own people, the Chagga of Northern Tanzania. The main question which the book tries to answer is not what children were taught, but rather, how children were helped to acquire the knowledge and wisdom cherished by their families and communities. The author raises the issues discussed in the book to the level of the global stage by making references to other disciplines such as philosophy, theology, anthropology, psychology, spirituality, ethics, and other related areas of knowledge and wisdom, thus making the work inter-disciplinary and inter-connected with other formation traditions.

2. Some, Sobonfu. (2002). The Spirit of Intimacy. Ancient Teachings in the Ways of Relationships. New York: HarperCollins Books.

Sobonfu Some, a native of Burkina Faso in West Africa, gives rich reflections mined from the Wisdom and lives of her West African Dagara village elders, brothers and sisters. She speaks about the importance of a living, breathing, continual connection with Spirit and Community, about the ways of experiencing a genuine intimacy with life itself. You will find her reflections peace-inducing, inspiring and life enhancing.

   SELECT ONE FROM THE FOLLOWING THREE TEXTBOOKS and let the Instructor know your choice in the first week of the course.

  1. Maathai, Wangari. (2006). Unbowed, A Memoir. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
  2. Some, Malidoma Patrice. (1999).The Healing Wisdom of Africa. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam.
  3. Mandela, Nelson. (2010). Conversations with Myself. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Course Grading Scale

A = 95 to 100

A- = 91 to 94

B+ = 88 to 90

B = 85 to 87

B- = 81 to 84

C+ = 77 to 80

C = 73 to 76

C- = 69 to 72

D+ = 65 to 68

D = 61 to 64

F = 60 or below


Please note: Grades lower than a C- do not earn credit or competence in the School for New Learning.

Course Structure

This course consists of 5 modules. The estimated time to complete each module is 2 weeks.

Module One addresses the African Indigenous Worldview and its four aspects. It also studies the ipfunda concept, the role of family, elders, the community, and peers in raising children, and looks at Sobonfu Some's reflections on community and spirit.

Module Two deals with the transmitters of culture and values, namely, story-telling, proverbs, riddles, song/music, dance, art, ritual and role playing.

Module Three addresses six specific virtues of the Chagga people and shows how these are nurtured in the young.

Module Four summarizes the main findings and insights and tries to apply these to one’s own personal spiritual development and that of others, specifically in one’s family, local community, or school.

Module Five allows you to integrate your learning in your final integrative paper.

The following table outlines the course:

Week,  Module # and Title



Weeks 1 and 2, Module 1: The African Indigenous Worldview

Read Mosha, pp. vii to 46

Read Some, pp. vii to 39.

1.1 Self Introduction Discussion

Assignment 1.2

Assignment 1.3

Discussion 1.4

Assignment 1.5

Weeks 3 and 4, Module 2: Use of storytelling, proverbs, riddles, music, dance, art, ritual and role playing in the transmission of culture and values

Read Mosha, pp. 47-85

Read Some, pp. 40-66

Assignment 2.1

Assignment 2.2

Assignment 2.3

Discussion 2.4

Assignment 2.5

Weeks 5 and 6, Module 3: Nurturing Virtue in Indigenous Africa

Read Mosha, pp. 87-158

Read Some, pp. 67-101

Assignment 3.1

Assignment 3.2

Assignment 3.3

Discussion 3.4

Assignment 3.5

Weeks 7 and 8, Module 4: Reclaiming the Foundations of a Holistic Education

Read Mosha, pp. 159-251

Read Some, pp. 102-140

Assignment 4.1

Assignment 4.2

Assignment 4.3

Discussion 4.4

Assignment 4.5

Weeks 9 and 10, Module 5: Integration of Learning


5.1 Final Integrative Reflection/ Discussion

5.2 Final Integrative Paper

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Assessment of Learning

This course has six discussions, 15 assignments and one final integration paper. Assignments 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 are designed to give the student an opportunity to demonstrate competence. In these four assignments the student should select one main theme (examples: community; it takes a village to raise a child; parenting; storytelling; proverbs; ritual; respect; silence; courage; hard work, etc) from a given Module and then relate that theme to a particular competence, making sure that the textbooks are referenced, also the experience and reflection of the student. Select one or two distinct themes in a given Module if you are registered for two competences, and treat each competence separately. Always begin your demonstration of competence by first stating the competence statement concerned and the theme you have selected. A student may use the same theme for the two competence papers in that Module, or may select two themes for two competence essays if she/he is registered for two competences.

Make use of all materials emerging from the course, your own experience and reflection on all of them. Properly acknowledge all sources and clearly identify your own experience, reflection, findings and insights. Please note: each competence essay should have at least 300 words, and may have more than that number.

The final integration paper will have a minimum of 1200 words or four full pages written in 12 font size. This paper will summarize your learning experience and growth in the course.

Percentage distribution of Assessments

Six discussions 25%
Fifteen (15) assignments 60%
Final Paper 15%

Grading Policies and Practices

To complete the course, you must complete each of the assignments as described in the course and submit them to your instructor by the assigned deadline. In addition, you must participate in the course discussion forum by responding to all instructor requests and by interacting with fellow classmates as necessary.

Points are deducted for late work.


  1. Participate in class discussions. The class discussions and homework exercises are worth a large percentage of your grade. All Modules ask you post an opinion and include at least two responses to classmates. Be on time with discussions in particular so that others in the class have a chance to read your post and respond to it, and so that you have a chance to respond to at least two other students. Your post should be as comprehensive as possible, and your responses should be substantial, going beyond a mere: “Yes I agree or disagree” to “ You said that….. and I like what you said because…….” Make responses fairly comprehensive as well.
  2. Do not fall behind. In general once a discussion is graded its over. Don't think you can post discussion items several weeks after they are graded and expect credit. The class has moved on and it is difficult for course administrators to find your postings after they have been graded.
  3. Read the assignments carefully and follow directions for each assignment.
  4. Give a large chunk of time to this course, about 10 or more hours per week.
  5. Post all assignments by the specified due date. This will give 7% points.
  6. Read ALL ANNOUNCEMENTS CAREFULLY. These Announcements are up to date and often will give you extra guidelines to clarify what is in the syllabus. For this instructor, the Announcements are crucial if you want to do well in this course.

Assessment Criteria for Papers by Competence

Each short paper for the competence chosen will be assessed as excellent if you adhere to the required topic and content, which should be in accordance material covered in a particular Module. To write an excellent paper, keep in mind the material of that particular Module, refer to your experience as well, and make use of ideas and insights from other students and the instructor. Acknowledge all sources, write well and systematically, and put your entire mind and soul in the work and reflections.

General Assessment Criteria for All Writing Assignments

In general, grading of all writing assignments will be based on the following:

Content: refers to the treatment of your topic, logically and analytically. This is the substance, the what of the paper; what you had to say about the topic, what you presented in defense of your position, and what your analysis revealed about your thought processes and grasp of the material your grappled with.

Organization: is the way your paper is laid out and presented, including both the overall organization and the arrangement of individual sections. These include: a relevant title, and subheadings; introductory material, where needed; summaries, where appropriate; connections and transitions; and what used to be called "rhetoric": the skillful arrangement of the pieces for the maximum persuasive impact on the reader.

Mechanics: refers to the use of your Spelling and Grammar checker, the use of Standard English, proper sentence structure and punctuation, and effective and sensitive word choice. Mastery of basic communication and writing skills is a must for undergraduate and graduate students. The paper you prepare should also use proper APA citation form for the in-text references as well as the bibliography.

It is important that your essays and papers:

All writing assignments are expected to conform to basic college-level standards of mechanics and presentation.

Consider visiting the Writing Center to discuss your assignments for this course or any others. You may schedule appointments (30 or 50 minutes) on an as–needed or weekly basis, scheduling up to three hours’ worth of appointments per week. Online services include Feedback–by–Email and IM conferencing (with or without a webcam). All writing center services are free.

Writing Center tutors are specially selected and trained graduate and undergraduate students who can help you at almost any stage of your writing. They will not do your work for you, but they can help you focus and develop your ideas, review your drafts, and polish your writing. They can answer questions about grammar, mechanics, different kinds of writing styles, and documentation formats. They also can answer questions and provide feedback online, through IM/webcam chats and email.

Obviously, the tutors won’t necessarily be familiar with every class or subject, but they are able to provide valuable help from the perspective of an interested and careful reader as well as a serious and experienced student-writer.

Schedule your appointments with enough time to think about and use the feedback you’ll receive. To schedule a Face-to-Face, Written Feedback by Email, or Online Appointment, visit

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Discussion Forums

Discussion Forums are an important component of your online experience. This course contains discussion forums related to the topics you are studying each week. For requirements on your participation in the Discussion Forums, please see "Course Expectations" in the syllabus.

A Course Q & A discussion forum has also been established to manage necessary, ongoing social and administrative activities. This is where the management and administrative tasks of the course are conducted, and where you can ask 'process' questions and receive answers throughout the course. Please feel free to answer any question if you feel you know the answer; this sharing of information is valuable to other students.

Assessment Criteria for Online Discussion Participation

Here as some common expectations for discussion:

Online Participation Guidelines

A significant part of your online learning experience involves learning with and from your classmates and the instructor in the online discussions and group assignments.

Active participation means sharing information and resources and posting your ideas and critiquing and expanding on the ideas of others in a collegial fashion. This discussion is informal in the sense that it is meant to encourage interested discussion. As participation in discussion is a graded portion of the course, you are expected to follow accepted standards of English spelling, grammar and usage in your contributions. You are also required to be respectful of your instructor and other students.

These discussions are for you to exchange your reflections with your classmates and instructor about what you are learning. The discussion will be organized around the particular topic you studying each week.

You may be asked by the instructor to take leadership in a certain group for a certain time of the course. You will receive further instructions from your instructor if this occurs.

You are asked to contribute your responses to the particular assignment for that particular discussion heading which will be posted. For each general Discussion Topic, you are required to make at least two original, substantive contributions (posts) to each topic each week.

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Course Expectations

Time Management and Attendance

SNL's online courses are not self-paced and require a regular time commitment EACH week throughout the quarter.

You are required to log in to your course at least four times a week so that you can participate in the ongoing course discussions.

Online courses are no less time consuming than "face to face" courses. You will have to dedicate some time every day or at least every second day to your studies. A typical four credit hour "face to face" course at SNL involves three hours of classroom meeting per week, plus at least three to six hours of study and homework per week.

This course will require at least the same time commitment, but your learning activities will be spread out through the week. If you have any problems with your technology, or if you need to improve your reading or writing skills, it may take even longer.

The instructor should be notified if your life events do not allow you to participate in the course and the online discussions for more than one week. This is particularly important when there are group discussions or you are working as part of a team.

If you find yourself getting behind, please contact the instructor immediately.

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Your Instructor's Role

Your instructor's role in this course is that of a discussion facilitator and learning advisor. It is not their responsibility to make sure you log in regularly and submit your assignments. As instructor, s/he will read all postings to the general discussion forums on a daily basis but may not choose to respond to each posting. You will receive feedback to assignments.

The instructor may choose to designate "office hours" when s/he will be online and available and will immediately respond to questions. Depending on the instructor, this response may be by e-mail, instant messenger or telephone. Otherwise, you will generally receive a response to emailed or posted queries within 48 hours.

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Your Role as a Student

As an online student, you will be taking a proactive approach to your learning. As the course instructor's role is that of a learning guide, your role is that of the leader in your own learning.

You will be managing your own time so that you can complete the readings, activities and assignments for the course, and you will also be expected to take a more active role in peer learning.

Please also note that this is a course offered by DePaul University's School for New Learning (SNL), a college for undergraduate and graduate degree-seeking students 24 years and older. SNL welcomes the perspectives and encourages the participation of all DePaul students, and students who take this course should respect and be mindful of SNL's mission in supporting a diverse and inclusive environment. More information about SNL can be found here.

View this brief demo Taking SNL Online courses in D2L to learn how to navigate through your course.

If you’re new to SNL Online see additional resources on the course home page under Student Resources/Getting Started.

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Course Netiquette

Online discussions are an important part of your course experience. To ensure a positive learning environment, please follow the following minimum expectations. Use your common sense, as not all situations can be covered:

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Academic Integrity

DePaul University is a learning community that fosters the pursuit of knowledge and the transmission of ideas within a context that emphasizes a sense of responsibility for oneself, for others and for society at large. Violations of academic integrity, in any of their forms, are, therefore, detrimental to the values of DePaul, to the students' own development as responsible members of society, and to the pursuit of knowledge and the transmission of ideas.

Violations include but are not limited to the following categories: cheating; plagiarism; fabrication; falsification or sabotage of research data; destruction or misuse of the university's academic resources; alteration or falsification of academic records; and academic misconduct. Conduct that is punishable under the Academic Integrity Policy could result in additional disciplinary actions by other university officials and possible civil or criminal prosecution. Please refer to your Student Handbook for further details.

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Plagiarism is a major form of academic dishonesty involving the presentation of the work of another as one's own. Plagiarism includes but is not limited to the following:

Plagiarism, like other forms of academic dishonesty, is always a serious matter. If an instructor finds that a student has plagiarized, the appropriate penalty is at the instructor's discretion.

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DePaul University Incomplete Policy

The intent of the Incomplete grade is to allow students extra time to complete their final assignments. This need arises because, in the closing weeks of the course, they have an event of significant magnitude that adversely affects their ability to complete the course, e.g. serious illness, death in the family, overseas deployment, or natural disaster.

You must request an incomplete grade in writing two weeks before the end of the quarter. Incomplete grades will be considered only after you have satisfactorily completed at least 75 percent of the coursework, and you have such an unexpected, uncontrollable event that prevents you from completing your course. Do not assume that you will qualify for an incomplete. Students who are failing the course at the point where they request an incomplete will not receive one, nor will they be granted after the end of the quarter. Incomplete grades are given at the discretion of the instructor.

If you do receive permission from the instructor to take an incomplete in the course, you will be required to complete a contract with the instructor, specifying how you will finish the missing work within the next two quarters (excluding summer). See the Incomplete Grade Contract Form.

Undergraduate and graduate students will have up to two quarters to complete an incomplete. At the end of the second quarter (excluding summer) following the term in which the incomplete grade was assigned, remaining incompletes will automatically convert to "F" grades. Ordinarily no incomplete grade may be completed after the grace period has expired. Instructors may not change incomplete grades after the end of the grace period without the permission of a college-based Exceptions Committee. This policy applies to undergraduate, graduate and professional programs. NOTE: In the case of a student who has applied for graduation and who has been approved for an Incomplete in his or her final term, the incomplete must be resolved within the four-week grace period before final degree certification.

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Description of Pass/Fail Grading Options

Students have the option of taking all SNL undergraduate courses as Pass/Fail even if a class is initially structured for a letter grade assessment. In these cases a Pass is awarded when competence is demonstrated at a level that would otherwise earn a grade of C- or higher.

In deciding to select Pass/Fail grading students should be aware that competencies assessed in a course as Pass will earn credit hours toward degree completion but will not be included in computing grade point averages. Attempted competence demonstration assessed within a class as Fail will not only be recorded as credit hours attempted but will also be included in computing a student's grade point average.

For SNL students, competencies awarded for Independent Learning Pursuits and in the Lifelong Learning Domain do not count toward the university's specification that only twenty credit hours may be earned through the Pass/Fail assessment option.

Please note:There are three SNL courses within the BA curriculum that are always assessed on a Pass/Fail basis: Foundations of Adult Learning (course number LL 250; competences L-2 and F-1), Advanced Project (course number FA 303; competences F-11 and F-12) and Summit Seminar (course number LL 390; competence L-12). These classes may not be taken for a letter grade assessment. Therefore, work that might otherwise be assessed at grades A through C- will earn a Pass in these classes.

There are an additional five SNL courses within the Lifelong Learning Area of the BA curriculum for which instructors regularly use a Pass/Fail grading system that may instead be taken for a letter grade assessment if this is a student's preference. These classes are: Independent Learning Seminar (course number LL 103; competence L1); Writing for Competence (course number LL 260; competence L-4), Critical Thinking (course number LL 270; competence L-5), Research Seminar (course number LL 300; competences L-8 and L-9), and Externship (course number LL 302; competences L-10 and L-11). In addition, SNL's undergraduate Writing Workshop (course number LL 140; competence H-3-J) regularly uses Pass/Fail, although students may request a letter grade assessment. In these instances SNL offers undergraduate students the opportunity to request a letter grade assessment from their instructor. Students who need a letter grade for tuition reimbursement may wish to consider this option, as well as those who wish to raise their GPA. Students planning to attend graduate school may also prefer letter grades to Pass/Fail assessments.

If a student wants to switch the method of assessment, either to or from the Pass/Fail option, this must be requested from the instructor in writing by the beginning of the third week of the quarter. For courses that meet fewer than ten weeks of the quarter, this request must be made by the beginning of the third week of the course. The grading basis may not be changed after these deadlines, with no exceptions.

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For Students Who Need Accommodations Based on the Impact of a Disability

Students seeking disability-related accommodations are required to register with DePaul's Center for Students with Disabilities (CSD) enabling you to access accommodations and support services to assist your success. There are two office locations:

Center for Students with Disabilities (CSD)
Loop Campus: Lewis Center 1420. (312) 362-8002
Lincoln Park Campus: Student Center 370. (773) 325-1677

Students are also invited to contact their instructor privately to discuss your challenges and how the instructor may assist in facilitating the accommodations you will use in this course. This is best done early in the term and the conversation will remain confidential.

Dean of Students Office

The Dean of Students Office (DOS) helps students in navigating the university, particularly during difficult situations, such as personal, financial, medical, and/or family crises. Absence Notifications to faculty, Late Withdrawals, and Community Resource Referrals, support students both in and outside of the classroom. Additionally we have resources and programs to support health and wellness, violence prevention, substance abuse and drug prevention, and LGBTQ student services. We are committed to your success as a DePaul student. Please feel free to contact us.

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Protection of Human Subjects

For more information see:

Demonstrating the acquisition of competencies in this course can involve "interactions"—interviewing and or observing other people—discussing those interviews or observations with other class members and writing them up in one or more final report(s). As such, these activities qualify as "research" with "human subjects" and are subject to University and Federal guidelines. Because it takes place in the context of this course, your research is exempt from approval by the School for New Learning's Local Review Board only under the following conditions:

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Copyright and Student Privacy

In accordance with DePaul’s Acceptable Use Policy, commentary and materials within SNL Online classes shall not be copied, reproduced or published elsewhere without the express written consent of individuals involved.

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This course was designed and produced by Raymond S.Mosha and staff at SNL Online of the School for New Learning of DePaul University.

©2010 School for New Learning, DePaul University. All Rights Reserved by SNL during contractual interval with the Author.

Printed in the USA.

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